India’s real estate market transparency is amongst the top ten most improved markets globally, according to JLL’s 2022 Global Real Estate Transparency Index (GRETI) released today.
India’s improvement in its composite transparency score between 2020 and 2022 (from 2.82 to 2.73) is higher than some of the top ten transparent markets such as the UK, Australia, Canada, Ireland, Sweden, New Zealand, Belgium and Japan.
According to JLL, India’s improvement in transparency is reinforced by increased institutional investment and the growing numbers of real estate investment trusts (REITs) helping to broaden market data and bring more professionalization to the sector to complement regulatory initiatives like the Model Tenancy Act, and digitization of land registries and market data, such as through the Dharani and Maha RERA platforms.
“The move towards greater transparency in India will intensify investor interest and bolster occupier confidence. As a result, we will see more capital deployment into the country as it demonstrates consistent efforts to make accurate data available, enforce legal protections for property ownership, and enhance the regulatory environment to facilitate the transactions. Regulatory changes in the Indian real estate sectors like RERA and digitization in all transaction processes have led to a more sanitized and transparent data availability, helping the country make tremendous progress in the index,” said Radha Dhir, CEO and Country Head, India, JLL.
“Sustainability continues to be the key focus for the world going ahead. We have seen India take great strides in sustainability in the past years, however, there is a need for a more concerted and congruent thought process and action plan to bring sustainability into the main,” she added.
Sustainability needs sustained thinking
To be able to move to the coveted Transparent list, from the present Semi-Transparent list, the country needs to improve sustainability tracking. Sustainability has not been one of the major areas for change over the last couple of years for India, but investors and occupiers are driving this change. Several initiatives are underway at either the national or local level including the National Guidelines on Responsible Business Conduct from 2021, with reporting for the largest 1,000 companies by market cap to be compulsory from 2022-23, and local plans such as Mumbai’s Climate Action Plan, released in 2022, which is expected to establish a system to conduct regular energy performance benchmarking of buildings by 2025, and mandate a building energy management system in all new buildings.
Making green certifications/ratings and adherence to ECBC a mandate would give a greater push to sustainability. The regulatory impetus for mandatory tracking and reporting is still lacking but should get a major push following India’s call for Net Zero by 2070.
Sustainability has been the biggest driver of transparency improvements across markets, according to JLL’s 2022 index. However, sustainability measures remain among the least transparent globally, and the fractured regulatory landscape – with different standards being set at the municipal, state, region, and country levels, and a proliferating array of sustainability credentials, benchmarks, and standards – is making it increasingly difficult for investors and companies to navigate and understand their responsibilities.
Interest in alternative real estate assets
Diversification remains a core theme for many investors in the Asia Pacific. Institutional capital, such as that controlled by asset managers, pension funds, and sovereign wealth funds, is active in alternative real estate sectors in nearly two-thirds of the markets tracked. That means expectations for transparency across niche property types like lab space, data centers, or student housing have grown.
India has made rapid strides in the availability of high-frequency data across its big cities and core asset classes through the intervention of tech platforms and regulatory reforms. It needs to replicate for other cities and alternative sectors with the work already underway through a mix of both private sector participation and government push towards digitization of land and property records. As market transparency improves through access to data, better corporate governance practices, and more publicly listed REITs creating more publicly available datasets, the sustainability agenda needs a greater push for India to rapidly ascend to the Transparent tier.
Transparency and sustainability are now colliding to create new, insightful, and game-changing trends for the real estate industry. Standardized sustainability measurement metrics will make it easier to benchmark assets globally. Making such data reporting mandatory will be key to the built environment decarbonization and climate risk mitigation across countries.