There is major complexity that comes with human intelligence. Defining it is not a simple task because there are layers to the concept itself. A common method of gauging intelligence within human beings is through a test of the inherent Intelligence Quotient (aka IQ). This test gauges the ability of people to solve problems quickly and with reasoning. However, a pressing question arises: is IQ enough to determine how intelligent an individual really is?
Surely, numerous philosophers and researchers have recognized the different sides of intelligence over time. Therefore, IQ acts as one side, measuring a small portion of the immense set of skills under the concept of intelligence.
This is where Emotional Intelligence comes into play. This concept refers to an individual’s ability to regulate and recognize emotion while using social awareness to solve problems. Researches were unable to deny the importance of gauging this aspect of intelligence, and therefore, EQ tests were formulated.
Now that we understand IQ tests and EQ tests and how both contribute to gauging an individual’s level of mental stimulation, let’s get into the debate of IQ versus EQ. Does one take precedence over the other, or do both holds equal weightage?
A Comparison Between EQ And IQ
What is IQ?
To gauge the importance, knowing the difference between both measures is essential. Therefore, let’s dive right into it. An individual’s IQ reflects their intellectual ability and gauges a range of factors. These include:
- Ability to solve problems with logic
- Ability to plan and create a strategy
- Comprehend abstract concepts
- Ability to be flexible and adapt to change
- Ability to comprehend and use language accurately
What Is EQ?
On the other hand, an individual’s EQ measures their ability to recognize, gauge, and regulate emotions within themselves and around other people. Moreover, it also refers to their ability to implement that awareness into their actions and behavior. The factors that directly impact an individual’s EQ include:
- Ability to identify emotions in others and yourself
- Ability to practice empathy towards other people
- Ability to adapt your actions and emotions to different circumstances
- Ability to be in control of one’s impulses
- Ability to resist temptations
- Ability to delay indulgence
- Ability to counter conflicts and resolve them effectively
- Efficient communication
Although both measures of intelligence are widely different, they do fall under the parameters of overall intelligence within human beings. Both ideas are rather abstract, and therefore, many individuals may have an adequate overlap of IQ and EQ, while some might possess more of one than the other. However, it is apparent that both concepts are widely different and target different human brain sections.
Another core difference between IQ and EQ is that IQ is normally referred to as an inborn ability, handed over to us by nature and our genetic make-up. On the other hand, EQ can be acquired, learned, and improved as you grow up and, therefore, falls under the nurture aspect of the nature versus nurture debate.
Moreover, according to numerous researches, IQ helps achieve success in school because it targets cognitive abilities. In contrast, EQ helps achieve success in life because it targets your ability to handle people and their emotions while altering your behavior according to dynamic situations.
Additionally, IQ is a measure of general intelligence and recognizes individuals with common sense, high intellect, and the ability to cater to mental challenges. On the other hand, EQ is a measure of emotional intelligence and recognizes individuals who have the potential to be captains, leaders, and managers and are emotionally equipped to handle social challenges.
How To Improve Your IQ And EQ?
Let’s talk about the more important question now that we know the complete meaning of each of these measures and their core differences; how do we increase our EQ and IQ? A range of methods can help boost your IQ and EQ scores. These include:
Enhance Your Ability To Solve Problems Effectively
According to research conducted in 2019, students who acquired training for creative methods of solving problems once a week for 3 years were able to improve their IQ test scores by up to 15 points. Therefore, you might consider registering for online courses or working closely with a trainer if you wish to improve your IQ score.
Attempt Emotional Intelligence Training At The Workplace
Numerous studies showed that participating in workplace programs targeted toward emotional intelligence aid in improving an individual’s ability to manage conflict, effectively implement teamwork, increase job performance, and enhance overall satisfaction with the job.
It’s Simple: Read!
This might sound like the basic advice you get from your primary school teacher, but she knew what she was talking about. Reading gives individuals the chance to put themselves in different situations through complete immersion, helping them go through different experiences. Researches state that reading aids in improving an individual’s social thinking skills.
IQ and EQ are measures of the complexity of human intelligence and focus on a range of widely different factors. They may rest as two ends of the same spectrum, but they hold equal importance when measuring the concept of intelligence as a whole. EQ targets the emotional capabilities of individuals; how they alter their behavior according to different situations based on their awareness of their feelings and of those around them. On the other hand, IQ targets an individual’s general intellectual abilities, such as cognitive abilities, ability to solve problems effectively, and logical reasoning.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions, and data contained in these publications are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of Credihealth and the editor(s).
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